Indica vs Sativa, What Gives?
Sativa vs Indica
A quick background: Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus identified psychoactive cannabis plants as “Cannabis sativa” in the mid 1700’s, and 30 some odd years later French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck identified “Cannabis indica” as a different species (as Lamarck argued that Cannabis indica plants have different traits compared to their Cannabis sativa counterparts).
Fast forward to today and the real difference between indica and sativa plants is in their traits during the growing cycle - indica plants tend to grow short and stocky with wide dark green leaves, they have short flowering cycles, and are pretty resilient in cold climates - sativa plants usually grow taller with narrow light green leaves, have longer flowering cycles, and tend to do better in warm climates.
Okay, so how does that affect the effects? Well for starters, everyone’s physiology is different and the old “in-da-couch” indica concept (implying indica is relaxing, and indicating sativa is energizing) is a bit outdated, and debatably, entirely inaccurate. The fact is each strain produces an effect as individual as its user, and the effects you experience from a particular cannabis strain are much more directly tied to a specific set of cannabinoids and terpenes and how they affect you as an individual.
For over half a century crossbreeding has been a huge part of cannabis genetics and as a result there are, questionably, no more “pure” indica or sativa strains - so when you see a label stating your cannabis product is indica or sativa that usually means that it is a higher percentage, or dominant, of said species - which explains why you may be seeing so many hybrids on the cannabis shelves.
There is much to be said around CBD and that is an entire topic for another day, but in short CBD (or Cannabidiol) is defined by Health Canada as a non intoxicating compound found in the cannabis plant - and is often discussed as having numerous health benefits, but of course, more research needs to be compiled.